Change Indicator

Teens ages 16 to 19 not attending school, not working in Hawaii

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Why This Indicator Matters

Teenagers who are not in school and not working, also known as “disconnected youth,” are at increased risk of negative outcomes in the transition from adolescence to adulthood. These young people may experience difficulty gaining the skills and knowledge needed to become self-sufficient. They are more likely to live in poverty, experience mental health problems and substance abuse, and lack health insurance.1
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Definition and Source



Percent of teenagers between ages 16 and 19 who are not enrolled in school and not employed in the labor force

Data Source

U.S. Census Bureau, Various Years, American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. B14005: Sex By School Enrollment by Educational Attainment by Employment Status for the Population 16 to 19 Years - Universe: Population 16 to 19 years.

Technical Notes:

Please note, the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) 5-year estimates provide average characteristics aggregated over a 5-year period. The primary advantage of using multiyear estimates is the increased statistical reliability of the data for less populated areas and small population subgroups. However, 5-year estimates are less current than single year estimates (i.e., since they are derived from averages over five calendar years) and should not be compared to single year estimates. The Census Bureau suggests comparing periods that do not overlap, such as comparing 2007-2011 with 2012-2016, which means waiting longer to identify a trend (for more information, read the comparison guidance and Period Estimates in the American Community Survey). However, in areas undergoing fundamental shifts in the size or composition of the population, change may be so substantial that it will be obvious after only a few years. Please see the ACS handbook on Understanding and Using American Community Survey Data for more information. 

Following pandemic-related data collection disruptions, the Census Bureau revised its methodology to reduce nonresponse bias in data collected in 2020. After evaluating the effectiveness of this methodology, the Census Bureau determined the standard, full suite of 2016–2020 ACS 5-year data are fit for public release, government and business uses. To learn more about changes to the methodology, view the methodology user note.

Estimates for Kauai County, all years; Maui County in 2022, 2021, 2018, 2015, 2013, 2012, 2011, and 2010; and Hawaii County in 2010 only offer medium reliability and should be used with caution. For more information, contact the Center on the Family. 

S - Estimates are suppressed when the confidence interval around the estimate is large and the reliability is low, as determined by a measure called the "coefficient of variation." As the margin of error increases the smaller the sample size, the estimate becomes less reliable. For more information, contact the Center on the Family.


1 Mather, Mark and Dia Adams. 2006. “The Risk of Negative Child Outcomes in Low-Income Families.” A Kids Count Report on Census 2000. The Annie E. Casey Foundation and Population Reference Bureau.; Rhode Island Kids Count. 2016. Education: Teens Not in School and Not Working.

Teens ages 16 to 19 not attending school, not working.

Last Updated

December 2023