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Race for Results index values by race and ethnicity in United States

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Definition and Source



RACE FOR RESULTS INDEX VALUE is the state value between 0 and 1,000, based on 12 critical milestones for success. To construct this index, we standardized scores across 12 indicators that have different scales and distributions, to help make more accurate comparisons. Standard scores (or z-scores) are based on 50-state averages and standard deviations for each indicator. To better show the differences across groups and states, we converted these z-scores to a scale ranging from 0 to 1,000, using this formula:
[(Score – Minimum Score) / (Maximum Score – Minimum Score)] x 1,000.
The lowest standard score across states and racial/ethnic groups was assigned a 0, and the highest score was assigned 1,000. This formula was applied to the z-scores for each of the 12 indicators, and then those values were averaged to produce an overall index value for each state and racial/ethnic group. Lower values represent worse outcomes for children, while higher values represent more positive outcomes. Indicator estimates were suppressed when the coefficient of variation was greater than 30 percent or when there were fewer than 20 events in the state. The average was based only on the indicators that had valid values, and index values were reported only for those groups that had no more than three of the 12 values suppressed. For more information on the development of the Race for Results Index, visit

Data Source

Population Reference Bureau, analysis of data gathered for the 2017 KIDS COUNT Race for Results.


Updated October 2017
S - Estimates suppressed for those groups that had more than three of the 12 individual indicator values suppressed.

Last Updated

January 2024