Change Indicator

Fourth-graders who are chronically absent from school in United States

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Why This Indicator Matters

School attendance and academic success are positively linked. Chronic absence from school for any reason (excused or unexcused) places students at serious risk of poor outcomes, including lower test scores and ultimately dropping out of school. This, in turn, can reduce employment and earning potential in adulthood.
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Definition and Source



Fourth-graders were counted as chronically absent if they gave a response of three or greater to the following question: How many days were you absent from school in the last month?

Data Source

U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics. National Assessment of Educational Progress Assessments (NAEP), 2022, 2019, 2017, 2015, 2013, 2011, 2009, 2007, 2005, 2003 Mathematics Assessments. Accessed through the NAEP Data Explorer, at


Updated November 2022.

S: Estimates suppressed when the reporting standards were not met. 

Last Updated

November 2022