Change Indicator

Median family income among households with children by race and ethnicity in United States

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Definition and Source



Median annual income for families with own children under age 18 living in the household, by race and ethnicity.

"Own children" include the householder's (head of the household) children by birth, marriage, or adoption. The median income is the dollar amount that divides the income distribution into two equal groups--half with income above the median, half with income below it. 

Income data are collected for the 12 months prior to the survey and are adjusted to reflect income in December of the survey year. For example, respondents who received the survey in January 2005 reported income for January through December 2004. Respondents who received the survey in December 2005 reported income for December 2004 through November 2005. All of that income data was weighted to reflect December 2005 dollars.

Data Source

Population Reference Bureau, analysis of data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 2005, 2008, 2010, and 2013 to 2019, 2021 American Community Survey.

The ACS sample is approximately 3 million households each year and in January 2006 began including group quarters. The ACS is designed to provide annually updated social, economic, and housing data for states and communities. (Such local-area data have traditionally been collected once every ten years in the long form of the decennial census.)


S – Estimates suppressed when the confidence interval around the percentage is greater than or equal to 10 percentage points. 
N.A. – Data not available. 

Last Updated

April 2023