Change Indicator

Children in the child welfare system who had been in one or two placements after 24 months in care in California

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Definition and Source



Children Now used CCWIP data – Placement Stability (Entry Cohort). 

Data Source

Webster, D., Lee, S., Dawson, W., Magruder, J., Exel, M., Cuccaro-Alamin, S., Putnam-Hornstein, E., Wiegmann, W., Saika, G., Chambers, J., Hammond, I., Ayat, N., Misirli, E., Hoerl, C., Yee, H., Flamson, T., Carpenter, W., Gonzalez, A., & Briones, E. (2020). CCWIP reports, University of California at Berkeley California Child Welfare Indicators Project website.

For more information on this indicator’s methodology, please contact CCWIP:



An asterisk indicates that data should be interpreted with caution. Asterisks were used to note low number of events (fewer than 10) or unstable data with large confidence intervals. Data or estimates with low numbers and large confidence intervals indicate that a data point may not be a true representation of the larger population.

NA (Not Available)

Data that are not available are noted as NA. The most frequent reasons for using the NA annotation include the unavailability of longitudinal data, data suppression from the original data source due to a low number event, or statistically unstable estimates.

Last Updated

January 2024