Change Indicator

Youth residing in juvenile detention, correctional and/or residential facilities by race and Hispanic origin in United States

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Why This Indicator Matters

A change is underway in out nation's approach to dealing with young people who get in trouble with the law. Although the United States still leads the industrialized world in the rate at which it locks up young people, the youth confinement rate in the US is rapidly declining.

Read Reducing Youth Incarceration in the United States to learn more.
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Definition and Source



Persons under age 21 detained, incarcerated, or placed in residential facilities by race and Hispanic origin.
To preserve the privacy of the juvenile residents, cell counts have been rounded to the nearest multiple of three. "State of Offense" refers to the State where the juvenile committed the offense for which they were being held. The rate is the number of juvenile offenders in residential placement per 100,000 juveniles ages 10 through the upper age of original juvenile court jurisdiction in each State.

Values include persons under age 21 who had been (1) charged with or adjudicated for an offense; (2) assigned a bed in a facility that can hold accused or convicted juvenile offenders; and (3) placed in the facility because of the offense. CJRP does not capture data on juveniles held in adult prisons or jails. Values include both pre-adjudicated and post-adjudicated individuals. CJRP does not include facilities exclusively intended for drug or mental health treatment even though such facilities may house some offenders. There may, however, be numerous juveniles in residential placement captured by CJRP that were receiving such treatment. State refers to the state where the offense occurred.

Data Source

Sickmund, M., Sladky, T.J., Puzzanchera, C., and Kang, W. (2021) "Easy Access to the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement."


Updated July 2021.
N.A. - Data not available.

Last Updated

July 2021