Change Indicator

Children age 3 to 5 enrolled in nursery school, preschool or kindergarten by race and ethnicity in United States

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Definition and Source



Children ages 3 to 5 enrolled in nursery school, preschool or kindergarten during the previous three months. “Nursery school” and “preschool” include any group or class within an institution that provides educational experiences for children during the years preceding kindergarten. Places where instruction is an integral part of the program were included, but private homes that primarily provide custodial care were not included. Children enrolled in programs sponsored by federal, state or local agencies to provide preschool education to young children—including Head Start programs—were considered as enrolled in nursery school or preschool. Children enrolled in grades higher than kindergarten were excluded from this analysis.

Data Source

U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey.
The 2010-2012 estimates are based on the 3-Year Public Use Microdata Sample files.
The 2013-2015 estimates are based on an average of three 1-Year Public Use Microdata Sample files.


S - Estimates suppressed when the coefficient of variation is greater than or equal to 30.

Last Updated

December 2023