Change Indicator

Children ages birth to 8 below 200% poverty in United States

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Definition and Source



The share of children age 8 and under who live in families with incomes below 200% of the federal poverty level.
The federal poverty definition consists of a series of thresholds based on family size and composition. In 2021, a 200% poverty threshold for a family of two adults and two children was $54,958. Poverty status is not determined for people in military barracks, institutional quarters, or for unrelated individuals under age 15 (such as foster children). The data are based on income received in the 12 months prior to the survey.

Data Source

Population Reference Bureau, analysis of data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 2005 and 2012 through 2019, 2021 American Community Survey.


Updated November 2022.
S - Estimates suppressed when the confidence interval around the percentage is greater than or equal to 10 percentage points.
N.A. – Data not available.
A 90 percent confidence interval for each estimate can be found at  Children ages birth to 8 below 200% poverty .

Last Updated

November 2022