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School-based offenses in North Carolina

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Definition and Source



A school-based complaint represents a delinquent or status offense that occurs on school grounds, school property (buses, etc.), at a school bus stop, or at an off-campus school-sanctioned event (field trips, athletic competitions, etc.) or whose victim is a school (i.e., false bomb report). "School" includes any public or private institution providing elementary (K–8), secondary (9–12), or post-secondary (community college, trade school, college, etc.) education, but excludes home schools, preschools, and day cares. School-based offenses exclude Interstate Compact Juveniles cases.

A non-school based complaint represents an offense that did not occur on school grounds, school property, at a school bus stop, or at an off-campus school-sanctioned event. A school- a public or private institution providing elementary, secondary, or post-secondary education- cannot be the victim of a non-school based offense. 

Data Source


S indicates that at least one category has a number smaller than 5 for a given county and year.

During 2019 and 2021, legislative changes in North Carolina resulted in changes to the population groups served by the North Carolina Department of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. At the end of 2019 the population grew, as “Raise the Age” increased jurisdiction to include 16 and 17 year olds. In 2021 the population shrank, as “Raise the Floor” excluded juveniles under 10, except those charged with an A-G felony, from Juvenile Justice jurisdiction. Therefore, caution should be used when comparing data for years prior to 2022 with data for the years 2022 and later.

Last Updated

December 2023