Change Indicator

Children living in crowded housing in United States

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Definition and Source



The share of children under age 18 living in households that have more than 1 persons per room.

The ratio of occupants per room is derived by dividing the number of persons in the housing unit by the number of rooms in the housing unit. A housing unit is considered crowded if there is more than 1 persons per room. Occupants per room is rounded to the nearest hundredth.

Data Source

Population Reference Bureau, analysis of data from the U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Supplementary Survey, 2001 Supplementary Survey, 2002 through 2019, 2021 American Community Survey.


Updated November 2022.
S - Estimates suppressed when the confidence interval around the percentage is greater than or equal to 10 percentage points.
N.A. – Data not available.
Data are provided for the 50 most populous cities according to the most recent Census counts.  Cities for which data is collected may change over time.
A 90 percent confidence interval for each estimate can be found at Children living in crowded housing.

Last Updated

November 2022