Change Indicator

Women giving birth in the last 12 months without a high school education in Arizona

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Definition and Source



S=Suppressed because margin of error exceeded 10%
N/A= Data Not Available


The data on fertility were derived from Question 17 in 1999-2002, Question 18 in 2003-2007, question 23 in 2008, and question 24 in 2009. The question asked if the person had given birth in the past 12 months, and was asked of all women 15 to 50 years old regardless of marital status. From this question, we are able to determine geographies with high numbers of women with births and the characteristics of these women, such as age and marital status. When fertility was not reported, it was imputed according to the woman’s age and marital status and the possibility there was an infant in the household.
Data are most frequently presented in terms of the aggregate number of women who had a birth in the past 12 months in the specified category, and in terms of the rate per 1,000 women.

Question/Concept History – The 1996-1998 American Community Survey collected data on “children ever born.” (See the section on “Children Ever Born” for more information.) In 1999, the American Community Survey began collecting data on children born in the last 12 months.

Limitation of the Data – Beginning in 2006, the population in group quarters (GQ) is included in the ACS. Some types of GQ populations may have fertility distributions that are different from the household population. The inclusion of the GQ population could therefore have a noticeable impact on the fertility distribution. This is particularly true for areas with a substantial GQ population.Comparability – The data on fertility can be compared to previous ACS years and to similar data collected in the Current Population Survey (CPS) and Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), and from the National Center for Health Statistics. All of these surveys have slightly different ways of determining the reference period but generally show births occurring over a period of 12 months.

Educational Attainment
Educational attainment data are needed for use in assessing the socioeconomic condition of the U.S. population. Government agencies also require these data for funding allocations and program planning and implementation. These data are needed to determine the extent of illiteracy rates of citizens in language minorities in order to meet statutory requirements under the Voting Rights Act. Based on data about educational attainment, school districts are allocated funds to provide classes in basic skills to adults who have not completed high school.
Data on educational attainment were derived from answers to Question 11, which was asked of all respondents. Educational attainment data are tabulated for people 18 years old and over. Respondents are classified according to the highest degree or the highest level of school completed. The question included instructions for persons currently enrolled in school to report the level of the previous grade attended or the highest degree received.
The educational attainment question included a response category that allowed people to report completing the 12th grade without receiving a high school diploma. Respondents who received a regular high school diploma and did not attend college were instructed to report “Regular high school diploma.” Respondents who received the equivalent of a high school diploma (for example, passed the test of General Educational Development (G.E.D.)), and did not attend college, were instructed to report “GED or alternative credential.” “Some college” is in two categories: “Some college credit, but less than 1 year of college credit” and “1 or more years of college credit, no degree.” The category “Associate’s degree” included people whose highest degree is an associate’s degree, which generally requires 2 years of college level work and is either in an occupational program that prepares them for a specific occupation, or an academic program primarily in the arts and sciences. The course work may or may not be transferable to a bachelor’s degree. Master’s degrees include the traditional MA and MS degrees and field-specific degrees, such as MSW, MEd, MBA, MLS, and MEng. Instructions included in the respondent instruction guide for mailout/mailback respondents only provided the following examples of professional school degrees: Medicine, dentistry, chiropractic, optometry, osteopathic medicine, pharmacy, podiatry, veterinary medicine, law, and theology. The order in which degrees were listed suggested that doctorate degrees were “higher” than professional school degrees, which were “higher” than master's degrees. If more than one box was filled, the response was edited to the highest level or degree reported.
The instructions further specified that schooling completed in foreign or ungraded school systems should be reported as the equivalent level of schooling in the regular American system. The instructions specified that certificates or diplomas for training in specific trades or from vocational, technical or business schools were not to be reported. Honorary degrees awarded for a respondent's accomplishments were not to be reported.

Not Enrolled, Not High School Graduate – This category includes people of compulsory school attendance age or above who were not enrolled in school and were not high school graduates. These people may be referred to as “high school dropouts.” There is no restriction on when they “dropped out” of school; therefore, they may have dropped out before high school and never attended high school.

Data Source

U.S. Census Bureau 5 Year Estimates. American Community Survey for state legislative district, city and census designated place.

Table S1301: FERTILITY

Data for state and counties is from actual counts reported to the Arizona Department of Health Services.Information on births, deaths, and fetal deaths is compiled from the original documents filed with theArizona Department of Health Services’, Office of Vital Records and from transcripts of original birth and death certificates filed in other states but affecting Arizona residents. (Copies of certificates for births, deaths and fetal deaths occurring to Arizona residents outside the United States are not sent to Arizona).
All short-stay nonfederal hospitals in Arizona are required to submit every six months uniform patient reports to the Arizona Department of Health Services. The Section of Cost Reporting and Discharge Data Review in the Bureau of Public Health Statistics collects the information about both hospital inpatient discharges and emergency room visits.
Source Document


NA indicates not statistically significant.

In general, ACS estimates are period estimates that describe the average characteristics of population and housing over a period of data collection. The 2007-2009 ACS estimates are averages over the period from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2009, and the 2005-2009 ACS estimates from January 1, 2005 through December 31, 2009, respectively. Multiyear estimates cannot be used to say what is going on in any particular year in the period, only what the average value is over the full period.

Additional information on the design and methodology of the ACS, including data collection and processing, can be found at

Last Updated

December 2017