Change Indicator

Births to mothers who received late or inadequate prenatal care in Minnesota

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Definition and Source



Number of births in which the mother received no prenatal care, or the prenatal care started in the 3rd trimester, or the woman had an inadequate range of visits regardless of when prenatal care began, divided by the total number of births. Births are assigned to the county in which the mother resides, even if the birth occurs in a different county.
N.A.: Not Available

Data Source

Minnesota Department of Health, Center for Health Statistics
Available: County health tables - Minnesota Department of Health (


Adequacy is determined using the Adequacy of Prenatal Care Utilization (APNCU) Index and is not comparable to GINDEX Index used in previous years. See glossary for definitions of Intensive, Adequate, Intermediate, and Inadequate Prenatal Care.

MDH published county health tables biennially beginning in 1996, and annually beginning in 2003. For reports from 1996 through 2012, contact the Center for Health Statistics ([email protected]).

Last Updated

February 2023