Change Indicator

Students economically disadvantaged by race and ethnicity in Ohio

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Definition and Source



The percent of students in poverty in school districts as defined by the Ohio Department of Education (ODE).  It is also referred to as Economic Disadvantage.
This is a student based indicator that reflects the portion of a district’s student population that meets any of the following conditions:     
  1. Students who are known to be eligible to receive free or reduced-price lunches; a program through the United States Department of Agriculture (U.S.D.A) National School Lunch Program.  Eligibility for free or reduced-price lunch can be determined through a variety of methods including the electronic direct certification process or completion by a parent or guardian of a free and reduced-price lunch application.  A student with an approved application on file for a free or reduced-price lunch is qualified to be reported to ODE as economically disadvantaged.
  2. Students who have not submitted an application for free or reduced-price lunch or who have not been directly certified as eligible but reside in a household in which a member (e.g. sibling) is known to be eligible for free or reduced-price lunch via an approved application or through direct certification.
  3. Students who are known to be recipients of or whose guardians are known to be recipients of public assistance.  A source for determining whether a student’s family is receiving public assistance is the Education Monetary Assistance Distribution (EMAD) system.
  4. Students whose parents or guardians have completed a Title I student income form and meet the income guidelines specified.

Data Source

Extracted from the Ohio Department of Education "advanced reporting" database. Calculations by CDF-OH.

Last Updated

August 2022