Change Indicator

Households with children who lost employment income by race and ethnicity in United States

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Definition and Source



The percentage of households with children birth to age 17 with at least one household member who experienced a loss of employment income since March 13, 2020 by race and ethnicity. On March 13, 2020, the U.S. government declared the COVID-19 pandemic a national emergency, thus marking the start of the pandemic in the United States. Only respondents who provided a valid response (yes or no) are included. 

Racial and ethnic groups represented in this table are not mutually exclusive. The white category includes only non-Hispanic white. The categories of Black or African American, Asian, two or more races and other race include both Hispanic and non-Hispanic. Those in the Hispanic or Latino category include those identified as being of Hispanic, Latino or Spanish origin. American Indian or Alaska Native, Pacific Islander and Native Hawaiian are included in the other race category. 

Data Source

Population Reference Bureau analysis of the U.S. Census Bureau, Household Pulse Survey, 2020-2021


Updated April 2021
S - Estimates suppressed when the effective sample size is less than 30 or the 90% confidence interval is greater than 30 percentage points or 1.3 times the estimate.
A 90 percent confidence interval for each estimate can be found at Households with children who lost employment income by race and ethnicity.

Last Updated

July 2021