Change Indicator

Children who have health insurance by health insurance type in United States

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Definition and Source



Children under age 18 who were covered by health insurance at any point during the year, by health insurance type.
“Employer-based only” includes those covered by one health plan that is offered through one’s own or a relative’s current, or former employer or union, including those who are covered by TRICARE or other military health coverage that is offered through health care programs for active-duty military personnel and retired members of the uniformed services, and their families and survivors. “Direct-purchase only” includes those covered by one health plan that is purchased directly from an insurance company by an individual or an individual’s relative. “Other private” includes those covered by more than private plan and not covered under any public plan. “Public only” includes those who coverage includes at least one of the federal programs Medicare, Medicaid, and other medical assistance programs, VA Health Care, the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP), or individual state health plans, and no private coverage.

Data Source

Population Reference Bureau, analysis of data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 2009, 2010, 2013, 2014,  2015, and 2016 American Community Survey. These data are derived from data available in American Fact Finder table B27010 (

The data for this measure come from the 2009, 2010, 2013, 2014, 2015, and 2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Beginning in January 2005, the U.S. Census Bureau expanded the ACS sample to 3 million households (full implementation), and in January 2006 the ACS included group quarters. The ACS, fully implemented, is designed to provide annually updated social, economic, and housing data for states and communities. (Such local-area data have traditionally been collected once every ten years in the long form of the decennial census.)


Updated September 2017.
S - Estimates suppressed when the confidence interval around the percentage is greater than or equal to 10 percentage points. 
N.A. – Data not available. 
A 90 percent confidence interval for each estimate can be found at  Children who have health insurance by health insurance type.

Last Updated

October 2018