Change Indicator

Disciplinary action, 2014/2015-present in Florida

Disciplinary action, 2014/2015-present

Downloading image...


Definition and Source



Disciplinary actions - Florida Department of Education has identifies twelve types of disciplinary actions. Eight of these disciplinary actions are represented within the five listed here. Students are only counted one time within a specific disciplinary action but more than one disciplinary action per student may have occurred during the year.

In-school-suspension - In-school-suspension is defined as the temporary removal of a student from the school program not exceeding ten days. (Maintained for students in grades PK-12 only.)

Out-of-school-suspension - The temporary removal of a student from a school and the school program for a period not exceeding ten days. Out-of-school-suspension may be extended beyond 10 school days pending School Board hearing for expulsion. (Maintained for students in grades PK-12 only.)

Expulsion - Student expelled from regular school without continuing educational services provided by the district. This disciplinary action also includes students expelled from regular school with continuing educational services, which may include a disciplinary program or second chance school, and/or referred to the criminal justice or juvenile justice system. (Maintained for students in grades PK-12 and adult.)

Restraints – Includes both physical and mechanical restraints.

Physical restraint - A personal restriction that immobilizes or reduces the ability of a student to move his or her torso, arms, legs, or head freely. The term physical restraint does not include a physical escort. Physical escort means a temporary touching or holding of the hand, wrist, arm, shoulder or back for the purpose of inducing a student who is acting out to walk to a safe location.

Mechanical restraint - The use of any device or equipment to restrict a student’s freedom of movement. The term does not include devices implemented by trained school personnel, or utilized by a student that have been prescribed by an appropriate medical or related services professional and are used for the specific and approved purposes for which such devices were designed, such as: Adaptive devices or mechanical supports used to achieve proper body position, balance, or alignment to allow greater freedom of mobility than would be possible without the use of such devices or mechanical supports; Vehicle safety restraints when used as intended during the transport of a student in a moving vehicle; Restraints for medical immobilization; or Orthopedically prescribed devices that permit a student to participate in activities without risk of harm.

Seclusion - The involuntary confinement of a student alone in a room or area from which the student is physically prevented from leaving. It does not include a timeout, which is a behavior management technique that is part of an approved program, involves the monitored separation of the student in a non-locked setting, and is implemented for the purpose of calming.


Data Source

Office of Safe Schools, Florida Department of Education, Tallahassee, FL
P20 Education Reporting $ Accessibility (PERA), Florida Department of Education, Tallahassee, FL


An asterisk (*) represents data that are suppressed due to confidentiality.

Last Updated

April 2021