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Medicaid Births - Births with principal payment source of Medicaid by mother's race or ethnicity and by age group in Pennsylvania

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Why This Indicator Matters

Nationally, Medicaid pays for almost half of all births, yet covers a higher percentage of hospital stays for preterm and low birth weight babies compared to private insurance coverage.

Births to younger mothers are more likely to have Medicaid reported as the principal source of payment than births to older mothers. Two-thirds of births to mothers under age 20 were paid for by Medicaid compared to 53 percent for mothers ages 20-24 and 26 percent for mothers 25 and older.

Births to black and Hispanic mothers were more likely to have Medicaid reported as the principal source of payment than to other race categories.

This data set will help determine whether the rates of Medicaid financing of births will change in the coming years and will be relevant to the broader conversation of monitoring Medicaid coverage and maternal/child health outcomes.
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Definition and Source



The number and percent of all births where the principal source of payment was Medicaid separated by mother's race or ethnicity and by mother's age group.

Data Source

Pennsylvania Department of Health, Bureau of Health Statistics and Research. Pennsylvania Vital Statistics annual report series. The Pennsylvania Department of Health specifically disclaims responsibility for any analyses, interpretations, or conclusions.


Includes only those mothers whose race or ethnicity and age group are known.  The sum of the age groups will not total  'All Ages'.

Hispanic origin can be of any race. If only one race was chosen, the mother is designated as that race "only", but may still be designated as also Hispanic.

Percentages represent the proportion of births by mother's age within each race/ethnicity group that are Medicaid except for the All Ages category which represents the proportion of that race/ethnicity that are Medicaid.

ND = DATA NOT DISPLAYED. Statistics (rates, ratios, percents) are not calculated and displayed for counts less than 10 (or less than 3 for Bayesian/Nearest Neighbor rates). This is due to the unreliability of statistics based on small numbers of events.

Last Updated

January 2024