Change Indicator

Children ages birth to 17 who live in low poverty areas (poverty <20 percent) by race and ethnicity in United States

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Definition and Source



Children under age 18 who live in census tracts where the poverty rates of the total population are less than 20 percent. Research indicates that as neighborhood poverty rates increase, undesirable outcomes rise, and opportunities for success are less likely. The effects of concentrated poverty begin to appear once neighborhood poverty rates rise above 20 percent and continue to grow as the concentration of poverty increases, up to the 40 percent threshold.

The census tract-level data used in this analysis are only available in the five-year American Community Survey data tables. Data for non-Hispanic black and African-American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian and Pacific Islander and two or more races, are not available from the Census Bureau’s American Community Survey data tables. Therefore, in this analysis, those groups include children who are of either Hispanic or non-Hispanic origin.

Data Source

U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-Year Summary File.


S  - Estimates suppressed when the coefficient of variation is greater than or equal to 30.

Last Updated

December 2023