Change Indicator

Children whose parents all have less than a high school degree by family nativity in United States

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Definition and Source



The share of children under age 18, none of whose resident parents has a high school diploma or equivalent, by children in foreign-born or US-born families.

For children living in a married-couple family or subfamily, this means that neither parent has a high school diploma. For children living in a single-parent family or subfamily, this means the resident parent does not.
Foreign-born is defined as either a U.S. citizen by naturalization or not a citizen of the U.S. Native-born is defined as born in the U.S., Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, or the Northern Marianas or born abroad of American parents. Children living in subfamilies are linked to their parent(s) and not the householder. Children in immigrant families is defined as children who are themselves foreign-born or reside with at least one foreign-born parent.

Data Source

Population Reference Bureau, analysis of data from the U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Supplementary Survey, 2001 Supplementary Survey, 2002 through 2019, 2021 American Community Survey.


Updated December 2022.
S - Estimates suppressed when the confidence interval around the percentage is greater than or equal to 10 percentage points.
N.A. – Data not available.
Data are provided for the 50 most populous cities according to the most recent Census counts.  Cities for which data is collected may change over time.
A 90 percent confidence interval for each estimate can be found at Children whose parents all have less than a high school degree by family nativity.

Last Updated

December 2022