Change Indicator

People living in low-income households by birth cohort generation in United States

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Definition and Source



The share of all people who live in families with incomes less than 200% of the federal poverty level by birth cohort generation.

The federal poverty definition consists of a series of thresholds based on family size and composition. In 2021, 200% of the poverty threshold for a family of two adults and two children was $54,958. Poverty status is not determined for people in military barracks, institutional quarters, or for unrelated individuals under age 15 (such as foster children). The data are based on income received in the 12 months prior to the survey.

Data Source

PRB analysis of data from the U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 1-year Public Use Microdata Sample files.


S - Estimates suppressed when the confidence interval around the percentage is greater than or equal to 10 percentage points.

N.A. - Data not available.

A 90 percent confidence interval for each estimate can be found at

People living in low-income households by birth cohort generation.

Last Updated

September 2023