Change Indicator

Children living with neither parent in United States

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Definition and Source



The share of children under age 18 who do not live with a parent.

Children are not living with a parent if the reference person for the household does not identify them as a biological, adopted or stepchild of the householder or as a child in a subfamily as determined by the Census Bureau. This includes children who are related to the householder as siblings, grandchildren, and foster children. Children are also included if they are the householder or the spouse/partner of the householder, a roommate or other nonrelative of the household. Children living in group quarters are categorized as not living with a parent.

Data Source

Population Reference Bureau, analysis of data from the U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Supplementary Survey, 2001 Supplementary Survey, 2002 through 2019, 2021 American Community Survey.


Updated December 2022.
S - Estimates suppressed when the confidence interval around the percentage is greater than or equal to 10 percentage points.
N.A. – Data not available.
Data are provided for the 50 most populous cities according to the most recent Census counts. Cities for which data is collected may change over time.
A 90 percent confidence interval for each estimate can be found at Children living with neither parent.

Last Updated

December 2022