Change Indicator

Children in the child welfare system who exited to permanency within one year by race/ethnicity in California

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Definition and Source



The Asian category includes Asian and Pacific Islander. The Other category includes Native American and Missing.

Data Source

Webster, D., Lee, S., Dawson, W., Magruder, J., Exel, M., Cuccaro-Alamin, S., ...& Lee, H. (2018). CCWIP reports, University of California at Berkeley California Child Welfare Indicators Project. Retrieved August 2018 from

Children Now used CCWIP data – Entry Cohorts Over Time for 2015 & 2016. Numbers and percentages are rounded to the nearest whole number.

For more information on this indicator’s methodology, please contact CCWIP:


Asterisks (*)

An asterisk indicates that data should be interpreted with caution. Asterisks were used to note low number of events (fewer than 10) or unstable data with large confidence intervals. Data or estimates with low numbers and large confidence intervals indicate that a data point may not be a true representation of the larger population.

NA (Not Available)

Data that are not available are noted as NA. The most frequent reasons for using the NA annotation include the unavailability of longitudinal data, data suppression from the original data source due to a low number event, or statistically unstable estimates.

Last Updated

January 2024