Change Indicator

Births in Maine

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Why This Indicator Matters

Births are one of three important factors in the growth of a population. When there are more deaths than births, the only way for a state's population to grow is through in-migration. In Maine, deaths have outnumbered births since 2012, and continue to do so, but since 2019, the net in-migration has been significant. For the period July 1, 2022- June 30, 2023, there 5,053 more deaths than births but 11,425 moved to Maine resulting in a population increase for the state.

What the data shows
In 2023, there were 11,511 births (provisional data). This 500 fewer than in 2022 and in 2021, but on par with 2020 and 2019.

Comparing 2023 to 2022 by county, 5 counties had increases between 7 and 21. These were: Lincoln, Piscataquis, Somerset, Knox and Washington. By contrast, Penobscot had 175 fewer births and Cumberland had 133 fewer births than the prior year. Kennebec, York and Androscoggin each had between 68-72 fewer births.
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Definition and Source



This data shows the number of live births per calendar year by mother's resident county. Births are still provisional for 2023.

Data Source

Office of Data, Research and Vital Statistics, Maine Department of Health and Human Services
Maine Births


The births for 2023 are provisional and may change slightly. There were fewer than 5 births in an unknown county in 2023. These births are included in the total for Maine but not assigned to any county. For 2022, small adjustments have been made to the final counts compared to the preliminary count.

Last Updated

January 2024