Change Indicator

Prime-age employment rate in New Hampshire

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Why This Indicator Matters

The local labor market can have a tremendous impact on community and personal health and well-being. Children, in particular, are strongly impacted by parental job loss, which is associated with negative outcomes such as grade retention, lower test scores among children of low socioeconomic status, and poor mental health (Stevens and Schaller 2011; Brand and Thomas 2014). While many factors determine the strength and vitality of the labor market, one way of determining its health is to observe the share of those in their prime working years who are employed. Places with lower employment among the prime-age population might be places where the local economy is not meeting the needs of the population and we further might anticipate negative child outcomes.

Brand, Jennie E., and Juli Simon Thomas (2014). “Job Displacement among Single Mothers: Effects on Children’s Outcomes in Young Adulthood.” American Journal of Sociology 119(4): 955–1001.

Stevens, Ann Huff, and Jessamyn Schaller (2011). “Short-Run Effects of Parental Job Loss on Children’s Academic Achievement.” Economics of Education Review 30(2): 289–299.
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Definition and Source



Here, we report the prime-age employment for New Hampshire and each county in 2016 and 2021. Following the Bureau of Labor Statistics, we define the prime-age population as those between age 25 and 54. The prime-age employment rate is also broken down by sex. The prime-age employment rate, or the percent of the prime-age population that is currently employed (either part time or full time, in any kind of work for pay), has benefits over traditional measurements of employment and unemployment in that people who leave the labor force (i.e. non-workers who stop looking for work during recessions, because they are discouraged and can’t find work, to care for sick relatives, or for many other reasons) are excluded from more common employment measures.

Data Source

U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, Table B23001, 5-Year Estimates, 2015-2021


95% confidence interval around these estimates

Last Updated

January 2023