Change Indicator

% of families with children in Hawaii

% of families with children

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Why This Indicator Matters

Families with children have unique needs, including the need for quality childcare, healthcare, adequate housing, and other resources. Many parents in families with children face the challenge of having to balance parenting with work demands.1 Low wages, unstable work schedules, a lack of paid leave, high housing costs, and a severe shortage of high quality, affordable childcare often intensify the challenges that many families with children face.2
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Definition and Source



Percent of families with own children under age18.

Data Source

U.S. Census Bureau, (various years) American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B11003

Technical note:

Please note, the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) 5-year estimates provide average characteristics aggregated over a 5-year period. The primary advantage of using multiyear estimates is the increased statistical reliability of the data for less populated areas and small population subgroups. However, 5-year estimates are less current than single year estimates (i.e., since they are derived from averages over five calendar years) and should not be compared to single year estimates. The Census Bureau suggests comparing periods that do not overlap, such as comparing 2007-2011 with 2012-2016, which means waiting longer to identify a trend (for more information, read the comparison guidance and Period Estimates in the American Community Survey). However, in areas undergoing fundamental shifts in the size or composition of the population, change may be so substantial that it will be obvious after only a few years. Please see the ACS handbook on Understanding and Using American Community Survey Data for more information. 

Following pandemic-related data collection disruptions, the Census Bureau revised its methodology to reduce nonresponse bias in data collected in 2020. After evaluating the effectiveness of this methodology, the Census Bureau determined the standard, full suite of 2016–2020 ACS 5-year data are fit for public release, government and business uses. To learn more about changes to the methodology, view the methodology user note.



1 Demo, David H. and Martha J.Cox. 2000. “Families with Children: A Review of the Research in the 1990s.” Journal of Marriage and Family 62: 876-895.; Waldfogel, Jane. 2006. What Children Need. Harvard University Press.
2 (Demo and Cox 2000).; Taeffe Young, Kathryn, Karen Davis, and Cathy Schoen. 1998. “Listening to Parents: A National Survey of Parents with Young Children.” Archives of Pediatric Adolescent Medicine
152(3): 255-262.

% of families with children.

Last Updated

December 2023