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Children who have been expelled from school by race and ethnicity in United States

Children who have been expelled from school by race and ethnicity

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Definition and Source



Rates per 10,000 are based on school enrollment.  Enrollment refers to the unduplicated count of students on the rolls of the school.  The unduplicated count includes students both present and absent and excludes duplicate counts of students within a specific school or students whose membership is reported by another school.  An expulsion is an action taken by the local educational agency of removing a child from his/her regular school for disciplinary purposes for the remainder of the school year (or longer) in accordance with local educational agency policy.  Expulsion with educational services also includes removals resulting from violations of the Gun Free Schools Act that are modified to less than 365 days.

Data Source

U.S. Department of Education. Civil rights data collection: 2011-12, 2013-14, 2015-16, and 2017-18 Discipline Estimations by Discipline Type. Available at


Updated August 2021.
S - Estimates suppressed when the reporting standards were not met. 
Data come from a sample of public school districts. Districts may have accidentally reported the number of disciplinary incidents instead of students disciplined. All racial categories are mutually exclusive. When no race/ethnicity was indicated, racial category was imputed.

Last Updated

August 2021