Change Indicator

Poverty status by nativity in Washington

Poverty status by nativity

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Why This Indicator Matters

Disaggregated data is presented to provide a preliminary understanding of disparities by race, ethnicity, and nativity. On its own, this data tells a limited story about the populations it represents. We encourage users of this data to engage with communities of color and immigrant communities to develop a more accurate and meaningful understanding than these data allow.
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Definition and Source



The number and percent of individuals whose income is below the poverty threshold (100% Federal Poverty Guideline) as defined by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget. These figures are divided by nativity status, which consists of native and foreign born categories.

Data Source

The U.S. Census Bureau's American Fact Finder, American Community Survey (ACS) 5-Year Estimates. Data were retrieved on February 6, 2021 from: (Table B17025).

*Please use these estimates with caution. The total confidence interval (upper bound minus lower bound) of the percent estimate, is 10 percentage points or greater, which indicates that this estimate has a large margin of error. This generally occurs when estimate relies on small number of cases. To obtain total confidence interval values around the estimates for this indicator please contact Washington KIDS COUNT.

S: These data have been suppressed because the percent estimates have a total confidence interval of 10 percentage points or greater and/or the counts are 10 or fewer.


Data last updated in February 2021 by Washington KIDS COUNT. 

The 5-year ACS estimates represent the average characteristics over the 5-year period of time, and therefore are less current than 1-year ACS estimates. However, these estimates are more reliable than 1-year and 3-year ACS estimates because they are based on a larger sample size. The 5-year estimates are also available for all geographic areas because of their sample size, whereas the 3-year  estimates are published for populations of 20,000 or greater, and the 1-year estimates are only published for populations of 65,000 or greater. More information about 1-year versus 3-year versus 5-year ACS surveys and estimates are available online at

The federal poverty definition consists of a series of thresholds based on family size and composition. In 2018, the poverty threshold for a family of two adults and two children was $25,465.

As defined by the Census Bureau, a native born US citizen is a person who was born in the United States, Puerto Rico, or U.S. Island Areas or a person who was born in a foreign country and had at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. A foreign born person is either a naturalized citizen or a non-citizen. Naturalization is the conferring, by any means, of citizenship upon a person after birth. A foreign born non-citizen is not a U.S. citizen.

Last Updated

February 2021