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Change Indicator

Population by birth cohort generation and race and ethnicity in United States

Population by birth cohort generation and race and ethnicity

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Why This Indicator Matters

Demographic data by birth cohort generation can shed light on how the U.S. population is changing over time and help inform programs and policies. For instance, younger generations are more racial­ly and eth­ni­cal­ly diverse than old­er generations, with Gen Alpha being the most diverse generation yet. Children and youth of color generally experience disproportionately poor outcomes across many areas of health and well-being. To ensure the long-term prosperity of our country, programs and policies must be culturally responsive and prioritize equitable outcomes for all young people.
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Definition and Source



Population by birth cohort generation and race and ethnicity.

Data presented for 2020 through 2023 are Vintage 2023 population estimates. Data presented for 2010 through 2019 are Vintage 2020 estimates. Each year the U.S. Census Bureau revises their post-2010 and post-2020 estimates. Therefore, data presented here may differ from previously published estimates. Figures for 2010 and 2020 represent revised population estimates for July 1, 2010, and July 1, 2020 - not actual Census counts from April 1, 2010 and April 1, 2020.

Data Source

PRB analysis of data from the U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division.


N.A. - Data not available.

Last Updated

July 2024