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Change Indicator

Low-income working families with children in United States

Low-income working families with children

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Definition and Source



The share of families that met three criteria: (1) the family income was less than twice the federal poverty level; (2) at least one parent worked 50 or more weeks during the previous year; (3) there was at least one "own child" under age 18 in the family.

The federal poverty definition consists of a series of thresholds based on family size and composition. In 2019, a 200% poverty threshold for a family of two adults and two children was $51,853. Poverty status is not determined for people in military barracks, institutional quarters, or for unrelated individuals under age 15 (such as foster children).

Data Source

Population Reference Bureau, analysis of data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 2008 - 2019, 2021 American Community Survey.


Updated November 2022.
S - Estimates suppressed when the confidence interval around the percentage is greater than or equal to 10 percentage points. 
N.A. – Data not available. 
Data are provided for the 50 most populous cities according to the most recent Census counts. Cities for which data is collected may change over time. 
A 90 percent confidence interval for each estimate can be found at Low-income working families with children.

Last Updated

November 2022