Change Indicator

Students who are homeless in North Dakota

Students who are homeless

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Note: Non-consecutive years appear adjacent in the trend line
because one or more years have been deselected.

Why This Indicator Matters

Homelessness can have a tremendous impact on children – their education, health, sense of safety, and overall development. When compared to low-income and homeless families, children experiencing homelessness have been shown to: have higher levels of emotional and behavioral problems; have increased risk of serious health problems; are more likely to experience separations from their families; and experience more school mobility, repeat a grade, be expelled or drop out of school, and have lower academic performance.

Fortunately, researchers find that children are also highly resilient and differences between children who have experienced homelessness and low-income children who have not typically diminish in the years following a homeless episode. 
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Definition and Source



This indicator represents the total unduplicated number of homeless students who are enrolled in North Dakota public schools, for each respective geographic area. Students are considered enrolled if they are attending classes and participating fully in school activities. Homeless students are broadly defined as children who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence. This includes students living in unsheltered situations as well as those in sheltered situations such as motels, hotels, vehicles, camp grounds, and recreational vehicles (RVs).  

The numerator for the percentage is the number of homeless children enrolled in K-12 public schools for each respective geographic area. The denominator for the percentage is the total number of children enrolled in K-12 public schools for each respective geographic area. 

Data Source

North Dakota Department of Public Instruction.

Data for this measure are the result of the McKinney-Vento Education of Homeless Children and Youth Assistance Act. The McKinney-Vento Act is a federal law that ensures immediate enrollment and educational stability for homeless children and youth. McKinney-Vento provides federal grants supporting state efforts to provide equal access to free and appropriate public education to homeless students and to gather information about those students and their needs on an annual basis. 


NA - Data is suppressed if the total enrolled students in each geography (denominator) is less than 10. Additional suppression is applied if the percentage approached zero or 100 using ranges.
GEOGRAPHY - Data reflect the school location, not the student’s place of residence. 
TIME FRAME - Academic Year (Fall through Spring). 

Last Updated

April 2024