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Change Indicator

Population by birth cohort generation and race and ethnicity in United States

Population by birth cohort generation and race and ethnicity

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Note: Non-consecutive years appear adjacent in the trend line
because one or more years have been deselected.

Why This Indicator Matters

Demographic data by birth cohort generation can shed light on how the U.S. population is changing over time and help inform programs and policies. For instance, younger generations are more racial­ly and eth­ni­cal­ly diverse than old­er generations, with Gen Alpha being the most diverse generation yet. Children and youth of color generally experience disproportionately poor outcomes across many areas of health and well-being. To ensure the long-term prosperity of our country, programs and policies must be culturally responsive and prioritize equitable outcomes for all young people.
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Definition and Source



Population by birth cohort generation and race and ethnicity.

Data Source

Population Estimates, U.S. Census Bureau. Data presented for 2020, 2021, 2022 are Vintage 2022 population estimates. Data presented for 2010 through 2019 are Vintage 2020 population estimates. Figures for 2010 and 2020 represent revised population estimates for July 1, 2010 and July 1, 2020, not actual Census counts from April 1, 2010 and April 1, 2020.


N.A.: Data not available.

Last Updated

July 2023