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Change Indicator

Youth transitioning out of foster care: Experienced homelessness in the past two years in United States

Youth transitioning out of foster care: Experienced homelessness in the past two years

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Note: Non-consecutive years appear adjacent in the trend line
because one or more years have been deselected.

Definition and Source



Of young people who were in foster care within 45 days following his/her 17th birthday and completed the NYTD Outcomes follow-up survey at ages 19 or 21: the number and percentage who reported experiencing homelessness at any point in the previous two years. A young person experienced homelessness if he/she did not have a regular or adequate place to live. This definition includes instances of the young person living in his/her car, on the street, or in a homeless or temporary shelter. 

Data Source

National Youth in Transition Database (NYTD) - Outcomes File, Cohort Age 17 in FY2011, Waves 1-3 (2015)
NYTD data are used with the permission of Cornell University’s National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect website. The collector of the original data, the funding agency, NDACAN, Cornell University, and the agents or employees of these institutions bear no responsibility for the analyses or interpretations presented here.


S - Data suppressed due to a low number of respondents for an individual data point (<10) and/or a low number of overall respondents from a state/territory (<25).
Young people who are in foster care within 45 days following their 17th birthday are eligible to complete the NYTD Outcomes baseline survey. Those who complete the survey at 17 are eligible to complete follow up surveys at 19 and 21. Some states choose to sample from their baseline cohort (those who completed the survey at 17) for the follow up waves. Outcomes data in this file are self-reported, and young people may choose to decline to respond to any question in the survey.   

Last Updated

October 2018