Change Indicator

Students not suspended for "disruption or defiance" in California

Students not suspended for "disruption or defiance"

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Definition and Source



An asterisk (*) appears where there are 10 or fewer students to protect student privacy. Numbers and percentages are rounded to the nearest whole number.

The Asian category includes Asian, Pacific Islander, and Filipino. The Other category includes American Indian or Alaska Native and Two or More Races.

Data Source

California Department of Education, DataQuest (n.d.). School Climate Data – Suspension and Expulsion Data 2015-16 – 2016-19 and 2020-21 – 2021-22.




An asterisk indicates that data should be interpreted with caution. Asterisks were used to note low number of events (fewer than 10) or unstable data with large confidence intervals. Data or estimates with low numbers and large confidence intervals indicate that a data point may not be a true representation of the larger population.

NA (Not Available)

Data that are not available are noted as NA. The most frequent reasons for using the NA annotation include the unavailability of longitudinal data, data suppression from the original data source due to a low number event, or statistically unstable estimates.

Last Updated

February 2023