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Change Indicator

Teens ages 16 to 19 not attending school and not working in United States

Teens ages 16 to 19 not attending school and not working

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Why This Indicator Matters

Teenagers who are not in school or working run a higher risk of experiencing negative outcomes in adulthood, such as low incomes, employment challenges and poor physical and mental health. Limited skills and work history — combined with few financial resources to invest in developing the necessary skills or qualifications — can restrict access to good jobs as well as higher wages in the future.
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Definition and Source



Teenagers between age 16 and 19 who are not enrolled in school (full- or part-time) and not employed (full- or part-time).

This measure is sometimes referred to as “Idle Teens” or “Disconnected Youth.”

Data Source

Population Reference Bureau, analysis of data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 2008–2021 American Community Survey.


Updated October 2022.

S: Estimates suppressed when the confidence interval around the percentage is greater than or equal to 10 percentage points.
N.A.: Data not available.

Data are provided for the 50 most populous cities according to the most recent Census counts. Cities for which data is collected may change over time.

Use caution when comparing congressional districts over time. Congressional district boundaries may change between decennial censuses. Annual data for each congressional district refers to the boundaries for that district in that year.

A 90 percent confidence interval for each estimate is available.

Teens ages 16 to 19 not attending school and not working.

Last Updated

October 2022