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Change Indicator

Children in poverty by age group in United States

Children in poverty by age group

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Why This Indicator Matters

Growing up in poverty is one of the greatest threats to healthy child development. Poverty and financial stress can impede children’s cognitive development and their ability to learn. It can contribute to behavioral, social and emotional problems and poor health.

This indicator is included in the KIDS COUNT Child Well-Being Index. Read the KIDS COUNT Data Book to learn more: http://datacenter.kidscount.org/publications.
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Definition and Source

PROVIDER

Definition

Children under age 18 who live in families with incomes below the federal poverty level.

The federal poverty definition consists of a series of thresholds based on family size and composition. For 2022, the poverty threshold for a family of 4 with two children was $29,678. Poverty status is not determined for people in military barracks, institutional quarters, or for unrelated individuals under age 15 (such as foster children). The data are based on income received in the 12 months prior to the survey.

Data Source

PRB analysis of data from the U.S. Census Bureau, Census Supplementary Survey & American Community Survey table B17001.

Notes

S - Estimates suppressed when the confidence interval around the percentage is greater than or equal to 10 percentage points.

N.A. - Data not available.

Data are provided for the 50 most populous cities according to the most recent Census counts.  Cities for which data are collected may change over time.

Use caution when comparing congressional districts over time. Congressional district boundaries may change between decennial censuses. Annual data for each congressional district refers to the boundaries for that district in that year.

A 90 percent confidence interval for each estimate can be found at

Children in poverty by age group.

Last Updated

November 2023