Change Indicator

Children age 10 to 17 referred to juvenile court in North Dakota

Children age 10 to 17 referred to juvenile court

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Why This Indicator Matters

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Definition and Source



This indicator represents youth ages 10 through 17 referred to juvenile court for delinquent and unruly behavior offenses in the reference year. It excludes children in cases involving abandonment, abuse/neglect, deprivation, file 960 (when no further action is recommended), educational neglect, other or no fault deprivation, termination of parental rights, or other special proceedings.

Starting August 1, 2022 children formerly listed as "unruly" that were under jurisdiction of the Juvenile Courts were now considered "children in need of services" or CHINS and under jurisdiction by the Department of Health and Human Services. As of August 1, 2022 the data no longer includes the children in need of services cases.

The denominator for the percentage is the total child population ages 10 through 17 in respective geographic areas.

Data Source

Count and numerator (percent): North Dakota Supreme Court, State Court Administrator’s Office.
Denominator (percent): U.S. Census populations with bridged race categories from the National Center for Health Statistics. Obtained from the Missouri Census Data Center:


GEOGRAPHY - Data reflect the offense location, not the juvenile's place of residence. In addition, the number of juveniles is unduplicated only at the county level of geography. On average, approximately 5% of juvenile offenders are referred to court in multiple counties, per year. In these cases, each juvenile is counted once for each county in which they are referred. However, because the statewide data are a sum of the counties, these multi-county offenders are duplicated at the state level of geography.
DATE - Calendar Year (January 1 - December 31).
LIMITATIONS - Referrals made to tribal courts in North Dakota are not included in this indicator. The percent shows the number of juvenile offenses relative to population size, however it should be interpreted with caution as a proportion of youth who are referred to juvenile court. This caution is due to the offense data being reported for the location of offense and population estimates are for location of residence. Additionally, offense data at the state and state planning region may contain duplicate juvenile offenders in multiple counties, and thus could lead to an over-estimated percent.

Last Updated

July 2023