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People living in poverty by birth cohort generation in United States

People living in poverty by birth cohort generation

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Definition and Source



The share of all people who live in families with incomes below the federal poverty level by birth cohort generation.

The federal poverty definition consists of a series of thresholds based on family size and composition. In 2021, the poverty threshold for a family of two adults and two children was $27,479. Poverty status is not determined for people in military barracks, institutional quarters, or for unrelated individuals under age 15 (such as foster children). The data are based on income received in the 12 months prior to the survey.

Data Source

Population Reference Bureau analysis of data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 through 2019, 2021 American Community Survey Public Use Microdata Sample.


Updated November 2022.
S - Estimates suppressed when the confidence interval around the percentage is greater than or equal to 10 percentage points.
N.A. - Data not available.
A 90 percent confidence interval for each estimate can be found at
People living in poverty by birth cohort generation.

Last Updated

November 2022