Change Indicator

Children in the child welfare system who exit to permanency within three years in California

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Definition and Source



Data Source

Includes a six-month cohort measure of the percentage of children, ages 0–17, who have been in care for at least eight days, are entering foster care for the first time and are no longer in the foster care system within 36 months of their first entry. Children Now analysis of Child Welfare Dynamic Report System, for quarters October 2010 to March 2011 and October 2012 to March 2013, “First Entries at 3 Years: Still in Care” (C1.3), California Department of Social Services and Center for Social Services Research at University of California, Berkeley, Child Welfare Data Analysis Bureau (July 2016).

Note: Data points that are based on fewer than 10 cases are marked with an asterisk and should be interpreted with caution.



An asterisk indicates that data should be interpreted with caution. Asterisks were used to note low number of events (fewer than 10) or unstable data with large confidence intervals. Data or estimates with low numbers and large confidence intervals indicate that a data point may not be a true representation of the larger population.

NA (Not Available)

Data that are not available are noted as NA. The most frequent reasons for using the NA annotation include the unavailability of longitudinal data, data suppression from the original data source due to a low number event, or statistically unstable estimates.

Last Updated

September 2016