Change Indicator

Child Care Subsidy - Monthly average number of children in subsidized child care by provider type (2007-2019) in Pennsylvania

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Why This Indicator Matters

The availability of child care subsidies to low-income families increases the opportunity for them to access high-quality care for their children, enhancing their school readiness and increasing the likelihood that parents remain employed.

As per the Child Care and Development Block Grant reauthorization, friend/neighbor (unregulated) caregivers who continued to receive Child Care Works/subsidy had to become certified as family child care homes by November 1, 2017.
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Definition and Source



Child care subsidies are available to low-income working families to increase the opportunity for parents to obtain high-quality child care for their children while they work.  The figures represent the monthly average over a fiscal year.

Provider Type
Center:  The premises in which child care is provided at any one time for 7 or more children unrelated to the operator.
Group:  A residence or another premise in which child care is provided at one time for more than 6 but fewer than 16 older school-age level children or more than 6 but fewer than 13 children of another age level who are unrelated to the operator.
Family:  A home other than the child’s own home, operated for profit or not-for-profit, in which child care is provided at any one time to 4, 5 or 6 children unrelated to the operator.
Unregulated:  A provider specifically exempt from certification or registration with the Department of Human Services with no more than 3 unrelated children.

Data Source

Pennsylvania Departments of Education and Human Services, Office of Child Development and Early Learning

Last Updated

December 2020