Change Indicator

Teens ages 16 to 19 not attending school and not working, 2008-2012 and 2016-2020 in United States

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Definition and Source



Teenagers between the ages of 16 and 19 who are not enrolled in high school and are not high school graduates.

Those who have a GED or equivalent are included as high school graduates in this measure. The measure used here is defined as a “status dropout” rate. Inclusion of the group quarters population in the ACS in 2006 could have a noticeable impact on the universe population for this age group. Therefore, the 2007 through 2018 ACS estimates might not be fully comparable to estimates prior to 2006. This measure focuses on teens ages 16 to 19 rather than young adults 16 to 24 because a large share of 18- to 24-year-olds migrate across state lines each year. The high interstate migration rates confound the connection between state policies and programs and state dropout rates. Raw numbers are rounded to the nearest thousand.

Data Source

Population Reference Bureau, analysis of data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 5-year American Community Survey, 2008-2012 and 2016-2020.
These data were derived from ACS table B14005.


Updated July 2022.
S - Estimates suppressed when the confidence interval around the percentage is greater than or equal to 10 percentage points.
N.A. – Data not available.
A 90 percent confidence interval for each estimate can be found at Teens ages 16 to 19 not attending school and not working, 2008-2012 and 2016-2020.

Last Updated

July 2022