Change Indicator

Fall PALS-K by students who are economically disadvantaged in Virginia

Fall PALS-K by students who are economically disadvantaged

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Why This Indicator Matters

*For PALS-K data by economically disadvantaged at the locality-level, please contact KIDS COUNT Director, Beth Nolan, at beth@vakids,org.
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Definition and Source



 PALS-K is a measure of children’s knowledge of several important literacy fundamentals: phonological awareness, alphabet recognition, concept of word, knowledge of letter sounds and spelling. PALS-K provides a direct means of matching literacy instruction to specific literacy needs and provides a means of identifying those children who are relatively behind in their acquisition of these fundamental literacy skills.

The data are PALS-K administered in the fall. The fall PALS-K helps to measure children's literacy concepts before they enter school.

Economically Disadvantaged students are defined if they meet any one of the following: 1) is eligible for Free/Reduced Meals, or 2) receives TANF, or 3) is eligible for Medicaid, or 4) identified as either Migrant or experiencing Homelessness.

Data Source

Virginia Department of Education via UVA Curry School


Last updated: March 2018

Last Updated

October 2019